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Aspheric Lenses

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Why Asphere?

As the name suggests, an aspheric lens is a lens with a shape other than that of a regular sphere or cylinder. These lenses, which come in a variety of shapes, are used to correct spherical aberration and enhance image quality. Spherical aberration is a type of defect that occurs when light passes through a spherical lens. Depending on how close to the edge it enters the lens, light focuses at different distances, creating a blurry image. In comparison, aspheric lenses focus light to a single point, regardless of where the light enters, to reduce or entirely eliminate blurriness from the image. In addition to reducing spherical aberration, aspheric lenses also correct other image distortions, such as astigmatism. Aspheric lenses have been used for many years to reduce spherical aberration and improve the performance of optical systems, but past high cost made them impossible to be used in real life applications in the past. Recent manufacturing advances in aspheric grinding and polishing have enabled subaperture polishing and produce high precision aspheres at affordable cost. A single one of the more affordable, high performance aspheric lenses can replace multiple spherical lenses result the same and sometimes better performance, leading to lighter weight, more compact and less complex systems at a cost-effective solution that is not possible years before. At Shanghai Optics, we design and manufacture standard and custom aspheric lenses to meet needs in a variety of industries. Read more about these innovative optical lenses below. Aspheres Manufacturing Tolerances

Aspheric Design & Manufacturing

Aspheric Design & Manufacturing

For large quantity and relatively lower precision requirement production, molding provides one of the most cost-effective way of manufacturing of aspheres. Shanghai Optics use plastic material and several different glass materials that are suitable for precision molding due to their low transformation temperatures. Acrylic, Plastic, BK-7, B270, Pyrex, Borosilicate, F2 etc. Please contact our sales engineers for additional technical information.

  • Form error: ≤ 5 fringes (sph. side)
  • Form error: ≤ 5 µm PV (asph. side)
  • Irregularity: ≤ 2 fringes (sph. side)
  • Tilt: ≤ 2´
  • Surface roughness: < 1 nm rms
Sometimes the many challenges that optics manufacturers have had to overcome while polishing glass aspheric surfaces have left designers with little confidence that precision glass aspheres can be manufactured in volume production, with tight specification, with a reasonable budget and in a short lead-time. Over the past decade our understanding of technology and the polishing process has lead to the emergence of “new tools and manufacturing method” which make it possible for us to routinely produce a wide variety of sophisticated high precision aspheres. At Shanghai Optics we take pride in our ability to produce cost-effective high precision glass aspheres that provide our customers the competitive advantage for their custom applications.

  • Diameter: from under 10 mm to over 300 mm
  • Maximal aspheric deviation from best-fit-sphere: from a few waves to a few millimeters
  • Maximal PV of surface from error: from under 1/20 wave to a few waves

Optical Glass Asphere

  • Substrate Material: BK-7, B270, Pyrex, Borosilicate, F2 etc
  • Form error: ≤ 5 fringes (sphere side); ≤ 5 µm PV (asphere side)
  • Irregularity: ≤ 2 fringes (sphere side)
  • Tilt: ≤ 2´
  • Surface roughness: < 1 nm RMS
  • Lens diameter: 5 to 120 mm
  • Lens thickness: 2 to 10 mm
  • Radii / pole radii Concave 20 to 250 mm
  • Radii / pole radii Convex 20 to 250 mm

Infrared Material Asphere

  • Substrate Material: Si, Ge, ZnSe, ZnS and more
  • Surface Quality: 20-10(after coating)
  • Surface figure: l/4 @ 633nm<
  • Angle: +/-2″
  • Clear Aperture: >85% of central dimension
  • Antireflection Coating: @ 3-12 um
  • Lens diameter: 5 to 120 mm
  • Lens thickness: 2 to 10 mm
  • Radii / pole radii Concave 20 to 250 mm
  • Radii / pole radii Convex 20 to 250 mm
The VeriFier XP uses the precision of phase modulation to show fine measurement detail on your parts with excellent accuracy and repeatability. ZYGO’s proprietary Metro Pro™ software offer a wide range of operational features and data analysis tools for unmatched measurement capability. Our trademark discounts for OEM-quantity orders are the best kept secret in the Photonics industry! Please contact our sales engineers for professional help for your cutting edge design with cost-effective solutions.

What Makes Aspheric Lenses Important?

Precision aspheric lenses reduce visual defects and produce clearer images, making them ideal for many applications. Large aspheric lenses find use in telescopes and cameras, while smaller aspheric lenses perform essential functions in fiber optic networks, laser devices and surgical equipment. In almost any application, aspheric lenses provide users with the following benefits:

  • Greater precision: By reducing spherical aberration and focusing light to a single point, aspheric lenses produce clearer images, making them ideal for applications that require high precision, like focusing laser diodes.
  • Increased aperture size: Aspheric lenses allow optical engineers to increase the numeric aperture size of a lens without reducing image quality, which is perfect for applications that require high light throughput.
  • Improved efficiency: An aspheric lens can correct aberrations that would take multiple spherical lenses to correct. This capability means that a single aspheric lens can replace a complicated multi-lens system, leading to smaller, lighter, more efficient and less expensive assemblies.

In addition, because the surface of an aspheric lens is designed and formed to effectively reduce aberration in specific applications, custom aspheric lenses make flexible solutions to complex problems.

How Aspheric Lenses Are Produced

Like other kinds of optical lenses, aspheres can be produced in a number of ways. At Shanghai Optics, we use two main methods to produce custom aspheric lenses: molding and traditional polishing with the state-of-the-art manufacturing and metrology equipment. To mass produce aspheric lenses that require a lower level of precision, we use lens molding. In this method, we pour the heated lens material into custom molds, where they firm up and take their final shape. To ensure success, we make moldable aspheric lenses out of materials with low transformation temperatures, such as acrylic, plastic, BK-7, B270 and Pyrex. Molded aspheric lenses are the most cost-effective type of asphere. For large silicon aspheric lenses that require a higher level of precision, we turn to a traditional polishing method. With high-speed polishing equipment, we shape and refine precision aspheric lenses quickly while adhering to exact specifications. S.O. can manufacture lenses with best-fit-sphere deviation between a few millimeters and a few waves. Though the manufacturing process you choose will depend on your project requirements and the volume of lenses you require, you’ll find that our molded and polished lenses meet the highest expectations. Our production staff follows ISO 9001 standards and uses cutting-edge metrology equipment to take accurate and repeatable testing measurements.

Custom Aspheric Lenses From S.O.

With a unique design to focus light to a single point, aspheric lenses offer higher precision and image quality compared to simple lenses. At Shanghai Optics, we have more than 57 years of experience providing precision optical lenses to businesses around the world. Contact us for a quote, and request custom aspheric lenses from S.O. today.

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